Nginx之Https配置

2016-3-8 Mr.linus 运维技术

    nginxhttps协议需要ssl模块的支持,我们在编译nginx时使用–with-http_ssl_module参数加入SSL模块。还需要服务器私钥,服务器证书,如果是公司对外环境,这个证书需要购买第三方的权威证书,否则用户体验得不到保障;这里我仅仅在我的vps上使用并测试。

    注意:如果你购买的是第三方服务证书,那么只需要参考1.3-1.4的配置信息即可完整企业ssl配置实践。

    此博文参考老男孩23期二麻博客Nginxhttps

    笔者QQ572891887

    Linux架构交流群:471443208

    1.1检查NginxSSL模块是否安装

    [root@web-node1~]# /application/nginx/sbin/nginx -V

    nginx version: nginx/1.6.3

    built by gcc 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-16) (GCC)

    TLS SNI support enabled

    configure arguments: –prefix=/application/nginx-1.6.3 –user=nginx –group=nginx –with-http_ssl_module –with-http_stub_status_module

    1.2准备私钥和证书

    1.2.1创建服务器私钥

    [root@web-node1~]# cd /application/nginx/conf/

    [root@web-node1 conf]# mkdir key

    [root@web-node1 conf]# cd key/

    [root@web-node1 key]# openssl genrsa -des3 -out server.key 1024

    Generating RSA private key, 1024 bit long modulus

    ..++++++

    …++++++

    e is 65537 (0x10001)

    Enter pass phrase for server.key:

    Verifying – Enter pass phrase for server.key:

    1.2.2签发证书

    [root@web-node1 key]# openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr

    Enter pass phrase for server.key:

    You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated

    into your certificate request.

    What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.

    There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank

    For some fields there will be a default value,

    If you enter ‘.’, the field will be left blank.

    —–

    Country Name (2 letter code) [XX]:CN

    State or Province Name (full name) []:BJ

    Locality Name (eg, city) [Default City]:BJ

    Organization Name (eg, company) [Default Company Ltd]:SDU

    Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:SA         

    Common Name (eg, your name or your server’s hostname) []:XuBuSi

    Email Address []:xubusi@xuliangwei.com

     

    Please enter the following ‘extra’ attributes

    to be sent with your certificate request

    A challenge password []:     

    An optional company name []:

    1.2.3删除服务器私钥口令

    [root@web-node1 key]# cp server.key server.key.ori

    [root@web-node1 key]# openssl rsa -in server.key.ori -out server.key

    Enter pass phrase for server.key.ori:

    writing RSA key

    1.2.4生成使用签名请求证书和私钥生成自签证书

    [root@web-node1 key]# openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in server.csr -signkey server.key -out server.crt

    Signature ok

    subject=/C=CN/ST=BJ/L=BJ/O=SDU/OU=SA/CN=XuBuSi/emailAddress=xubusi@xuliangwei.com

    Getting Private key

    1.3开启Nginx SSL

    [root@web-node1 ~]# cat /application/nginx/conf/vhosts/www.conf

        server {

         server_nameblog.xuliangwei.com;

           #listen       80;

           listen       443;

           ssl on;

           ssl_certificate key/server.crt;

           ssl_certificate_key key/server.key;

     

    location / {

              roothtml/blog;

                index  index.php index.html index.htm;

            access_log /app/logs/blog.xuliangwei.log main;

            }

        }

    1.3.1重启nginx生效

    [root@web-node1 ~]# /application/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

    [root@web-node1 ~]# netstat -lntup|grep 443

    tcp        0    0 0.0.0.0:443                 0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN    1711/nginx

    1.3.2测试https

    由于该证书非第三方权威机构颁发,而是我们自己签发的,所以浏览器会警告,如果是对外的业务需要加密,必须使用商用第三方签名证书。

    必须访问https://blog.xuliangwei.com

    1.4配置重定向80端口转443端口

    以上配置有个不好的地方,如果用户使用时忘了使用https或者443端口,那么将会报错,所以我们需要80端口的访问转到443端口并使用ssl加密访问。

    只需要增加一个server段,使用301永久重定向。

    [root@web-node1 ~]# tail -5 /application/nginx/conf/vhosts/www.conf

    server {

            listen 80;

            server_name blog.xuliangwei.com;

            rewrite ^(.*) https://$server_name$1 permanent;

    }

    [root@web-node1 ~]# /application/nginx/sbin/nginx -t

    nginx: the configuration file /application/nginx-1.6.3/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok

    nginx: configuration file /application/nginx-1.6.3/conf/nginx.conf test is successful

    [root@web-node1 ~]# /application/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

    输入blog.xuliangwei.com自动跳转https

     

    笔者QQ572891887

    Linux架构交流群:471443208

     

    来自为知笔记(Wiz)

    转载请注明:徐亮偉架构师之路~ » Nginx之Https最佳实践

标签: ssl Nginx

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